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Osteoporosis and bone health

Osteoporosis and bone health

According to statistics from the International Osteoporosis Foundation, one in three women and one in five men over the age of 50 will experience fractures caused by osteoporosis in their lifetime. While everyone loses bone as they age, learning what you can do to maintain bone health may help prevent you from developing osteoporosis.

What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a common disease that makes your bones weak and fragile, which increases the risk of breaking bones easily.

How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
Osteoporosis is diagnosed by a DEXA scan that measures bone mineral density. It can also be diagnosed if a person has a fragility fracture. A fragility fracture is a fracture in the spine, hip, wrist, humerus, rib or pelvis occurring from a fall from standing height or less, without major trauma.

What can you do to prevent osteoporosis?

  1. Good nutrition is important. Eat foods high in calcium, such as milk, yogurt and green leafy vegetables. Also eat foods high in vitamin D, such as milk that has vitamin D added and fish from the ocean. If you do not get enough calcium and vitamin D from food then you should take calcium and vitamin D supplements.
  2. Be active for at least 30 minutes most days of the week. Weight bearing physical activity such as brisk walking is recommended.
  3. Avoid smoking.
  4. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink to 1-2 drinks a day.

Can osteoporosis be treated?
Yes, there are medications to treat osteoporosis. These medications can reduce the chances that you will break a bone.

About Chrissy Chumley, APRN, FNP-BC
Chrissy Chumley is a board-certified Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) specializing in family practice and is Fracture Liaison Service certified by the National Osteoporosis Foundation. She provides care at Methodist Family Medicine - Klutey Park in Henderson, KY, and at Webster County Family Medicine in Dixon, KY. She focuses her practice on preventative and wellness care along with management and treatment of acute and chronic illness. To schedule an appointment with Chumley in Henderson, call 270-830-6100. Appointments in Dixon may be made by calling 270-639-9101.